What is an STD?
STDs are infections or diseases passed from one individual to another through sexual contact. There are more than 20 types of STDs. The most common types of STDs include:
Am I at risk for STDs?
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for STDs. Some groups are more affected than others including people between the ages of 15 and 24, gay and bisexual men, and pregnant women. Most sexually transmitted diseases affect men and women equally but in many cases, the health problems caused by STDs can be more severe for women. Pregnant women with an STD put their baby at risk for serious health problems.
Which STD tests should I get?
The doctors at AllCare Family Medicine and Urgent Care of Atlanta make recommendations for STD tests based on age and lifestyles:
Adolescents and Adults
Individuals from ages 13 to 64 should be tested for HIV.
Sexually Active Women
Women under 25 years of age should get annual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing. Sexually active women over age 25 with multiple sex partners, a new sex partner, or a sex partner with an STD should get annual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing
Sexually Active Gay and Bisexual Men
Gay and bisexual men should get annual syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea testing. Sexually active gay and bisexual men with multiple partners should be tested for STDs every three to six months.
How are STDs diagnosed?
If you are sexually active and have symptoms that suggest a sexually transmitted disease, STD testing can identify the cause. Testing might involve:
How are STDs treated?
Treatment for STDs varies depending on the type of STD. The most common sexually transmitted diseases include gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. These STDs are caused by bacteria, yeast, or parasites and can be treated with a single dose of antibiotics. STDs caused by a virus have no cure, but medication can help with symptoms.
What happens if STDs are not treated?
If you have an STD and do not seek treatment, you are at an increased risk of having long-term pelvic or abdominal pain or fertility problems. If you are pregnant, STDs can cause complications for the health of your baby.
STD testing is necessary for protecting your health. To schedule an appointment for a checkup including STD testing, use our online booking tool or give AllCare Family Medicine and Urgent Care of Atlanta a call. Our doctors offer quick and easy testing in a judgment-free environment.